[Cite as First Union-Lehman Bros.-Bank of Am. Commercial Mtge. Trust v. Pillar Real Estate Advisors, Inc.,

                           IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF OHIO
                              SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT
                                 MONTGOMERY COUNTY

 FIRST UNION-LEHMAN BROTHERS-                      :
 BANK OF AMERICA COMMERCIAL                        :        Appellate Case No. 25864
 MORTGAGE TRUST, COMMERCIAL                        :
 MORTGAGE PASS-THROUGH                             :        Trial Court Case No. 2010-CV-9039
         Plaintiff-Appellant                       :
                                                   :        (Civil Appeal from Montgomery County
 v.                                                :        (Common Pleas Court)
 PILLAR REAL ESTATE ADVISORS,                      :
 INC., et al.                                      :
        Defendants-Appellees :



                                Rendered on the 21st day of March, 2014.


MICHAEL P. SHUSTER, Atty. Reg. #0067304, and TAMI HART KIRBY, Atty. Reg. #0067304,
Porter Wright Morris & Arthur LLP, One South Main Street, Suite 1600, Dayton, Ohio 45402-2028
       Attorneys for Plaintiffs-Appellant

BRANDON C. HEDRICK, Atty. Reg. #0081458, Hedrick & Jordan Co., L.P.A., 100 East Third
Street, Suite 500, Dayton, Ohio 45402
        Attorney for Defendants-Appellees, Health, LLC and Pillar Real Estate Advisors, Inc.

SYLVIUS H. Von SAUCKEN, Atty. Reg. #0002266, 6323 Oxwynn Lane, Charlotte, North Carolina

DEAN HINES, Atty. Reg. #0062990, 7950 Clyo Road, Centerville, Ohio 45459
     Attorneys for Defendant-Appellee, K. Dean Wertz



       {¶ 1}       Plaintiff-appellant First Union-Lehman Brothers-Bank of America Commercial

Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 1998-C2 (“First Union”)

appeals from an order of the Montgomery County Common Pleas Court denying its motion to

substitute the estate of Dean Wertz as a party-defendant and dismissing Wertz from the action. First

Union also appeals from a summary judgment rendered against it on its claim for a creditor’s bill

against the remaining defendants, Health, LLC and Pillar Real Estate Advisors.

       {¶ 2}       We conclude that the trial court properly denied the motion to substitute, because it

was not timely, and the trial court did not abuse its discretion in finding no excusable neglect. We

further conclude that summary judgment was properly rendered, because the creditor’s bill claim was

dependent upon the substitution of Wertz’s estate as a party.

       {¶ 3}       Accordingly, the order and summary judgment from which this appeal is taken are


                                    I. The Course of Proceedings

           {¶ 4}   In November 2010, First Union brought this action against K. Dean Wertz,

 Health, LLC dba Lighthouse Fitness Center, and Pillar Real Estate Advisors, Inc. First Union

 alleged that it had previously obtained a judgment against Wertz in the amount of $432,557.47.

 First Union further alleged that Wertz had made fraudulent transfers to Pillar and Health in order

to avoid the debt owed to First Union. In its complaint, First Union asked the trial court to

pierce the corporate veil and to hold Pillar and Health jointly liable for Wertz’s debt. Of

significance to this appeal, First Union’s suit set forth a claim for equitable relief in the form of a

creditor’s bill, pursuant to R.C. 2333.01, for the $432,557.47 owed by Wertz.

       {¶ 5}    On March 9, 2011, counsel for Wertz filed a Suggestion of Death, indicating that

Wertz had died a few days earlier. An estate was opened for Wertz in Hamilton County in

November 2011. On May 4, 2012, First Union moved to substitute the estate of Wertz as a

party-defendant, pursuant to Civ.R. 25(A). First Union argued that its failure to move for the

substitution within the 90 days permitted by Civ.R. 25(A) should be excused due to excusable

neglect. Specifically, First Union alleged in its motion that previous counsel for Wertz had

represented, on several occasions, that no estate would be opened because Wertz had only

minimal assets. First Union offered no affidavit in support of this allegation. First Union also

argued that its creditor’s bill constituted a lien against the estate, which was not required to be

presented to the fiduciary for the estate, citing R.C. 2117.10. The defendants opposed First

Union’s motion.

       {¶ 6}    Pillar and Health moved for summary judgment on all the pending claims. Of

relevance to this appeal, they argued that First Union’s creditor’s bill claim must fail because

First Union had not obtained a lien against them, and because the claim was not presented to the

fiduciary for Wertz’s estate.

       {¶ 7}    The trial court overruled First Union’s motion to substitute Wertz’s estate. The

trial court found that First Union had failed to seek the substitution within the time allowed by

Civ.R. 25(A), and had failed to establish excusable neglect. The court noted that even if First

Union thought that no estate would be opened, it had the power to force the opening of an estate,

pursuant to R.C. 2113.06. The trial court also found R.C. 2117.10 inapplicable to the facts of

this case.

        {¶ 8}   Subsequently, the trial court rendered summary for the defendants on First

Union’s claim for the creditor’s bill. The trial court did not grant summary judgment on the

claims for fraudulent transfer or piercing the corporate veil. Wertz was later dismissed as a


        {¶ 9}   Pursuant to an Agreed Order, judgment was rendered against Pillar in the amount

of $432,557.47, without prejudice to First Union’s right to appeal from the overruling of its

motion to substitute Wertz’s estate, the dismissal of Wertz as a party, or the summary judgment

rendered on its creditor’s bill claim.

        {¶ 10} First Union appeals.

II. The Trial Court Did Not Err in Overruling First Union’s Motion to Substitute Wertz’s

                Estate as a Defendant and in Dismissing Wertz as a Defendant

        {¶ 11} First Union’s First Assignment of Error states:





        {¶ 12} First Union argues that the trial court erred in denying its motion to substitute and

by dismissing Wertz as a party.

       {¶ 13} Civ.R. 25(A) states that “[i]f a party dies and the claim is not thereby

extinguished, the court shall, upon motion, order substitution of the proper parties. * * * Unless

the motion for substitution is made not later than ninety days after the death is suggested upon the

record * * * the action shall be dismissed as to the deceased party.” A party who fails to timely

file such a motion may seek to file out of time, pursuant to Civ.R. 6(B), upon a showing of

excusable neglect. Markan v. Sawchyn, 36 Ohio App.3d 136, 
521 N.E.2d 824
 (8th Dist. 1987).

       {¶ 14} First Union did not move to substitute until more than a year after the suggestion

of death was filed. First Union argued that its failure to comply with the time limits of Civ.R.

25(A) was attributable to excusable neglect. Specifically, it argues that it was informed that no

estate would be opened and that Wertz had minimal assets. In the alternative, First Union

argued that pursuant to R.C. 2117.10, its claim against the Wertz estate was not extinguished by

its failure to present the claim against the estate of Wertz.

       {¶ 15} We have found the excusable neglect standard of Civ.R. 6(B) applicable to

Civ.R. 25(A). Amburgey v. Dayton Power & Light Co., 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 8248, 
1984 WL 4888
, * 5 (May 15, 1984). And we have held that the excusable neglect of Civ.R. 6(B) is

“similar to the excusable neglect standard under Civ.R. 60(B) but is applied less stringently.”

Epicor Software Corp. v. Sample Machining Co., 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 20390,

2005-Ohio-2234. In determining whether excusable neglect has been demonstrated the court

must examine “the danger of prejudice to the [movant], the length of delay and its potential

impact on judicial proceedings, the reasons for the delay, including whether it was within the

reasonable control of the movant, and whether the movant acted in good faith.” Cleveland Mun.

School Dist. v. Farson, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 89525, 2008-Ohio-912, ¶ 12, quoting Pioneer

Invest. Servs. Co. v. Brunswick Assoc. Ltd. Partnership, 
507 U.S. 380
, 395, 113 S.Ct. 1489, 123

L.Ed.2d 74 (1993). A court should proceed with the understanding that it is preferable to decide

cases on their merits rather than on procedural grounds. Bugoni v. C & M Towing, 10th Dist.

Franklin No. 12AP-62, 2012-Ohio-4508, ¶ 5.

          {¶ 16} In finding that First Union failed to establish excusable neglect, the trial court


                   The Ohio Revised Code clearly allows a creditor to force the opening of an

          estate in situations such as this. R.C. 2113.06(C) (stating that “[t]he person

          granted administration may be a creditor of the estate”). Specifically, the Second

          District Court of Appeals in Reid v. Administrator of the Estate of Eva F. Peterson

          stated the following1:

                              [T]he course of action for creditors owed by a decedent whose

                              estate has not been opened becomes clear. Rather than allow the

                              passage of time to extinguish his claim, the creditor must act to

                              protect his interest by availing himself of the statutory mechanism

                              which allows him to more or less force appointment of an

                              administrator, be it a surviving spouse, next of kin, the creditor

                              himself, or some other qualified person.

                   The Reid Court went on to say, “if such a party fails through lack of

          diligence to procure such appointment within time to properly urge his claim the

               The case is actually Reid v. Premier Health Care Services Inc., 2d Dist Montgomery No. 17437, 
1999 WL 148191
, * 4 (Mar. 19,

          law should not come to his aid.” First Union, upon being notified by [prior

          counsel for Wertz] that no estate would be opened, could have moved to force an

          estate to be opened, and the failure to do so constitutes a lack of diligence. This

          failure of diligence is not ameliorated by [counsel’s] assertion that Mr. Wertz’s

          estate had minimal assets. Due diligence, at this juncture, required the forced

          opening of the estate to test this assertion.

          {¶ 17} We review the trial court’s determination whether there has been excusable

neglect under an abuse-of-discretion standard.            Amburgey, supra.   We agree with the trial

court’s analysis. “Where one has a claim against an estate, it is incumbent upon him, if no

administrator has been appointed, to procure the appointment of an administrator against whom

he can proceed.”        Wrinkle v. Trabert, 
174 Ohio St. 233
188 N.E.2d 587
 (1963), second

paragraph of syllabus, quoted in Reid v. Premier Health Care Sevices, Inc., supra, at *4. First

Union was made aware of Wertz’s death by the March 2011 filing of the suggestion of death, but

it failed to act until May 2012, when it moved to substitute the estate. We agree that First

Union’s failure, for almost fourteen months, to have taken any action to cause the opening of an

estate did not constitute excusable neglect.

          {¶ 18} First Union notes that the estate administrator had a duty to file notice of her

appointment in this action, if she had actual knowledge of this action. But there is no evidence

in the record, and First Union does not claim, that the administrator had actual knowledge of this


          {¶ 19} First Union’s First Assignment of Error is overruled.

           III. The Equitable Lien Represented by an Action for a Creditor’s Bill

                    Is Not Exempted by R.C. 2117.10 from the Requirement of

                         Timely Presentation of a Claim Against an Estate

       {¶ 20} First Union’s Second Assignment of Error is as follows:



       {¶ 21} First Union argues that it was not required to take steps to preserve its claim

against the estate of Wertz, because its lien, established by virtue of filing this present action

under R.C. 2333.01, is preserved by R.C. 2117.10.

       {¶ 22}      R.C. 2117.06(B) acts as a bar to any claim against an estate if not presented

within six months of the decedent’s death. R.C. 2117.10 is an exception to that time limitation

and serves to preserve valid liens – those evidenced by public record or possession of the asset –

without regard to whether they are timely presented.

       {¶ 23} R.C. 2333.01 governs actions for creditor’s bills.        That statute provides, in

pertinent part:

                  When a judgment debtor does not have sufficient personal or real property

       subject to levy on execution to satisfy the judgment, any equitable interest which

       he has in * * * a money contract, claim, or chose in action, due or to become due

       to him, or in a judgment or order * * * shall be subject to the payment of the

       judgment by action.

       {¶ 24} An action for a creditor’s bill is equitable in nature. Gaib v. Gaib, 14 Ohio

App.3d 97, 99, 113, 470 N.E.2d 189. (10th Dist.1983). An action for a creditor’s bill “is a

device which permits a judgment-creditor to reach a debtor’s equitable assets which, for reasons

of uncertainties respecting title or valuation, cannot be effectively subjected under the ordinary

legal process of execution by way of judgment liens, attachment or garnishment.” In re Weiner,

276 B.R. 810
 (Bankr.N.D.Ohio 2001).

        {¶ 25} We have noted that R.C. 2117.10, being less broad than its predecessor in

General Code Section 10509-123, does not apply to equitable liens. Kuhnle v. Rusmisel, 
113 Ohio App. 389
, 391, 
178 N.E.2d 810
 (2d Dist.1960). We conclude that the trial court was

correct in holding that the exception in R.C. 2117.10 to the six-month presentment rule in R.C.

2117.06(B) is not applicable to this case.

        {¶ 26} First Union argues that its creditor’s bill “constitutes, from the date of filing, a

lien upon Mr. Wertz’s assets[,] * * * [and] as such, the trial court should not have summarily

dismissed Noteholder’s creditor’s bill claim.”

        {¶ 27} First Union did not raise any objection or response to Pillar’s and Health’s

motion for summary judgment on this claim. The trial court found that First Union, through its

creditor’s lien, is attempting to “attach Mr. Wertz’s equitable interest in Pillar and Health.” The

trial court found that because the claim had not been timely presented to Wertz’s estate, the

creditor’s bill provided no relief.

        {¶ 28} We agree that First Union failed to preserve its creditor’s bill lien action by

failing to timely substitute the estate, which would be the real party in interest following Wertz’s

death. Thus we find no error in the trial court’s decision to render summary judgment for the

remaining defendants on the creditor’s bill claim.

        {¶ 29} First Union’s Second Assignment of Error is overruled.

                                       IV. Conclusion

        {¶ 30} Both of First Union’s assignments of error having been overruled, the judgment

of the trial court is Affirmed.


DONOVAN and WELBAUM, JJ., concur.

Copies mailed to:

Michael P. Shuster
Tami Hart Kirby
Brandon C. Hedrick
Sylvius H. Von Saucken
Dean Hines
Hon. Michael Tucker

Case Information

Case Name: First Union-Lehman Bros.-Bank of Am. Commercial Mtge. Trust v. Pillar Real Estate Advisors, Inc.

Citations: 2014 Ohio 1105

Court: ohioctapp

Year: 2014-03-21

This case can be cited as precedent.