[Cite as Mubashshir v. Sheldon, 2010-Ohio-4808.]

                      IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF OHIO
                          THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT
                              MARION COUNTY


        PETITIONER-APPELLANT,                           CASE NO. 9-10-39


EDWARD SHELDON, WARDEN,                                 OPINION


                 Appeal from Marion County Common Pleas Court
                            Trial Court No. 10CV0327

                                    Judgment Affirmed

                           Date of Decision: October 4, 2010


        Mujtabba L. Mubashshir, Appellant

        M. Scott Criss for Appellee
Case No. 9-10-39


          {¶1} Defendant-Appellant, Mujtabaa L. Mubashshir, fka Lapetto Johnson,

(“Appellant” or “petitioner”) appeals the decision of the Marion County Court of

Common Pleas dismissing his Complaint for a Writ of Habeas Corpus on the basis

of res judicata. For the reasons set forth below, the judgment is affirmed.

          {¶2} On October 3, 1988, pursuant to a plea agreement, Appellant pled

guilty to seven counts of kidnapping, six counts of rape, three counts of abduction,

five counts of felonious assault, two counts of gross sexual imposition, two counts

of aggravated robbery, and one count of attempted rape. Count three of the

indictment, which involved the abduction of a minor, was dismissed upon

recommendation of the prosecutor. The offenses involved multiple victims. The

trial court imposed a prison sentence of ninety-six years actual incarceration to

two-hundred thirty-five years. (Oct. 28, 1988 J.E.)

          {¶3} Appellant filed a direct appeal and the Eighth District Court of

Appeals affirmed his conviction. See State v. Johnson (Apr. 9, 1990), Cuy.App.

No. 56808, 1990 WL 37355. The Ohio Supreme Court denied leave to appeal. In

the ensuing years, Appellant has filed several other post-conviction causes of

action and petitions seeking a writ of habeas corpus in both state and federal


Case No. 9-10-39

        {¶4} In November of 2009, Appellant filed a “Complaint for Habeas

Corpus” in the Supreme Court of Ohio.                      On December 30, 2009, the Ohio

Supreme Court issued a “Merit Decision Without Opinion” and dismissed

Appellant’s petition. See Mubashshir v. Sheldon, 
124 Ohio St. 3d 1413
, 2009-

919 N.E.2d 213

        {¶5} On April 16, 2010, Appellant filed another Complaint for Writ of

Habeas1 Corpus in the Marion County Court of Common Pleas. Thereafter, the

trial court issued its decision dismissing the case, finding that Appellant’s petition

was barred by res judicata.             In its judgment entry, the trial court stated that

Appellant’s petition in the Marion County Court was “almost identical” to the

petition previously filed in the Ohio Supreme Court. Therefore,

        [a]s the dismissal by the Ohio Supreme Court was a merit
        decision, said dismissal constitutes res judicata in this case. Res
        judicata bars the Petitioner from raising the same issue that he
        previously raised in his prior habeas corpus case.

        {¶6} On May 3, 2010, a notice of appealable order was issued. It is from

this decision that Appellant now appeals, pro se, raising the following two

assignments of error.

                                   First Assignment of Error

        The petitioner/appellant was prejudice[d] by the court’s decision
        against the manifest weight of the evidence and denied a hearing

 Appellant asserted several issues in his petition, including a claim that the cumulative changes to Ohio’s
parole laws, policies, standards, statutes and guidelines that were implemented July 1, 1996, violate
numerous of his constitutional rights as applied to crimes committed prior to that date.

Case No. 9-10-39

       on petition for writ of habeas corpus contrary to the Ohio
       Supreme Court Decision.

                           Second Assignment of Error

       The petitioner/appellant was prejudice[d] and denied due
       process and the equal protection of the law when the clerk’s [sic]
       of court altered with deliberate indifferent with malice and
       malicious intent, in wanton and reckless disregard for the
       petitioner/appellant state statutory, and Federal Constitutional
       rights to have his documents filed according to Law.

                             First Assignment of Error

       {¶7} In his first assignment of error, Appellant argues that the trial court

was wrong in dismissing his petition because he contends that the Ohio Supreme

Court did not consider his petition for habeas corpus on the merits. Therefore,

Appellant does not believe that res judicata applies to his case.

       {¶8} Our review of the record finds that the trial court’s decision was

correct. The Ohio Supreme Court did review his petition on the merits and,

therefore, res judicata is applicable. “Res judicata bars [a defendant] from filing a

successive habeas corpus petition insofar as he raises claims that he either raised

or could have raised in his previous petition.” Keith v. Kelley, 
125 Ohio St. 3d 161

926 N.E.2d 626
, ¶1, citing Amstutz v. Eberlin, 
119 Ohio St. 3d 421
, 2008-Ohio-4538, 894 N.E.2d 1219; Smith v. Money, 3d Dist. No. 9-02-20,

2002-Ohio-3387, ¶7.

Case No. 9-10-39

       {¶9} Because Appellant’s petition in the Marion County Court was

identical to that filed in the Ohio Supreme Court, res judicata precludes the trial

court from considering his second petition.           Appellant appears to have

misinterpreted the language in the Supreme Court’s decision, which was filed

without issuing a formal opinion, and erroneously concluded that the decision was

made without a review of merits.

       {¶10} The Supreme Court of Ohio’s entry in Appellant’s Habeas Corpus

Case No. 2009-2089, filed December 30, 2009, stated as follows:

       This cause originated in this Court on the filing of a complaint
       for a writ of habeas corpus and was considered in a manner
       prescribed by law. Upon consideration thereof,

       It is ordered by the court, sua sponte, that this cause is

(Emphasis added.) The Supreme Court’s entry definitively states that the matter

was considered.    Furthermore, the publication of the Ohio Supreme Court’s

decision was clearly noted as a “Merit Decision Without Opinion.” See

Mubashshir v. Sheldon, 
124 Ohio St. 3d 1413
, 2009-Ohio-6816, 
919 N.E.2d 213


       {¶11} Appellant is mistaken in his belief that “res judicata can never apply

when there is no opinion.” (Appellant’s Brief, p. 3.) A decision that is issued

without a detailed opinion is a final and binding decision, nevertheless.

Case No. 9-10-39

        {¶12} Appellant also appears to believe that the Supreme Court’s statement

that it “sua sponte” dismissed the case means that “sua sponte the court dismissed

my petition claiming that it lacked subject matter jurisdiction to hear this case”

and therefore, never addressed the merits. (Appellant’s Memorandum in Support

of his Motion for Reconsideration, filed June 4, 2010, emphasis added.) “Sua

sponte” simply means that the Supreme Court dismissed the case itself, on its own

accord, without a motion or filing from another party. “Sua sponte” does not

mean that it was dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.2

        {¶13} Appellant’s petition for habeas corpus was fully considered on its

merits and dismissed by the Ohio Supreme Court as meritless. Accordingly, the

trial court properly dismissed appellant’s new petition because it was barred by res

judicata. Appellant’s first assignment of error is overruled.

                                   Second Assignment of Error

        {¶14} Appellant filed a “Motion for Reconsideration” in the trial court on

June 4, 2010. The trial court stated that it lacked jurisdiction to rule on the Motion

for Reconsideration because it was filed after Appellant had filed his appeal on

June 3, 2010.

  Appellant attached a copy of the BLACK’S LAW DICTIONARY definition of “sua sponte” which defined the
phrase as follows: “[Latin ‘of one’s own accord; voluntarily’] Without prompting or suggestion; on its own
motion .” Id. The bracketed
example stating “the court took notice sua sponte that it lacked jurisdiction over the case” is simply one
example of one way that a court may act sua sponte; it is not the only way. A court will often address the
matter of subject matter jurisdiction “sua sponte,” or, on its own, without someone raising the issue.
However, a court may also act “sua sponte” in many other instances, such as in this case, that have nothing
to do with jurisdictional issues.

Case No. 9-10-39

       {¶15} Appellant maintains that the trial court should have reviewed his

Motion for Reconsideration because he originally submitted it for filing on May 7,

2010, before he filed his appeal and while the trial court still had jurisdiction.

However, the clerk’s office did not file his motion at this time. It returned the

documents to him stating that his motion lacked a signature. Appellant complains

that the clerk’s office should have filed his Motion for Reconsideration upon

receipt in early May because he claims the motion did contain his notarized

signature. Therefore, he states that it was submitted for filing while the trial court

still had jurisdiction and the trial court should have ruled on his Motion for


       {¶16} There are two problems with Appellant’s arguments.             First, the

clerk’s office was correct in returning the motion because the motion did not have

Appellant’s signature. Civil Rule 11 requires every pleading, motion or other

document to be signed by the attorney representing the party, or by the person

submitting the document, if that person is not represented.

       Every pleading, motion, or other document of a party
       represented by an attorney shall be signed by at least one
       attorney of record in the attorney's individual name ***. A
       party who is not represented by an attorney shall sign the
       pleading, motion, or other document and state the party's
       address. Except when otherwise specifically provided by these
       rules, pleadings need not be verified or accompanied by
       affidavit. *** If a document is not signed *** it may be stricken
       as sham and false and the action may proceed as though the
       document had not been served.

Case No. 9-10-39


        {¶17} The third page of Appellant’s “Memorandum in Support” of his

Motion for Reconsideration did contain his notarized signature, at the bottom of an

“Affidavit of Verification.” However, the “Motion for Reconsideration” itself did

not have a signature. Therefore, the clerk’s office was merely following proper

procedure when it returned the documents so that Appellant could sign the motion.

        {¶18} However, even if the document would have been accepted for filing

on May 7th, while the trial court still had jurisdiction, it would not have made any

difference. There is no provision for a “Motion for Reconsideration” at the trial

court level.       The Supreme Court of Ohio has held that the Rules of Civil

Procedure3 do not allow a party to obtain relief from final judgment in a trial court

via a motion for reconsideration as this method “is conspicuously absent within

the Rules.” Pitts v. Dept. of Transp. (1981), 
67 Ohio St. 2d 378
, 380, 423 N.E.2d

1105. Accordingly, “motions for reconsideration of a final judgment in the trial

court are a nullity.” Id. at 379, 423 N.E.2d 1105; Ham v. Ham, 3d Dist. No. 16-

07-04, 2008-Ohio-828, ¶15. Therefore, any order that a trial court may enter in

granting or denying such a motion for reconsideration would also be a legal

nullity. See Robinson v. Robinson, 168 Ohio App.3d 476, 2006-Ohio-4282, 
860 N.E.2d 1027
, ¶17, citing Pitts, supra; Vanderhoff v. Vanderhoff, 3d Dist. No. 13-
  Petitions for habeas corpus and petitions for post-conviction relief are considered civil matters and are
procedurally governed by the Rules of Civil Procedure.

Case No. 9-10-39

09-21, 2009-Ohio-5907, ¶14. A party may obtain a review of a trial court’s

decision by filing an appeal, as Appellant has done in this case.

       {¶19} Therefore, even if the Motion for Reconsideration had been filed

earlier, the trial court would not have had any authority to reconsider the matter.

Appellant’s second assignment of error is overruled.

       {¶20} Having found no error prejudicial to the appellant herein in the

particulars assigned and argued, we affirm the judgment of the trial court.

                                                                Judgment Affirmed

SHAW and PRESTON, J.J., concur.



Case Information

Case Name: Mubashshir v. Sheldon

Citations: 2010 Ohio 4808

Court: ohioctapp

Year: 2010-10-04

This case can be cited as precedent.